It’s not polite to arrive at a dinner more than 15 to 20 min

It’s not polite to arrive at a dinner more than 15 to 20 minutes late. The host or hostess usually waits for all the ___1___ to arrive before serving the meal. If someone is late, the food may be spoiled(变味), and ___2___ may the host or hostess’ spirits. If you have to be ___3___ call and tell them to start ___4___ you.
It’s even worse to be early! The host or hostess will probably not be ___5___. If you are early, drive or walk around the block a few times, or just sit in your car until the right time.
Though it’s often ___6___ to arrive at a party on time, on the other hand, the host or hostess ___7___ guests to arrive and leave between certain times, so you can ___8___ at any time between the times he or she gives you.
It’s nice to bring an empty stomach, but it’s even nicer to bring ___9___ present. The present should not cost a lot, or you might make the host or hostess ___10___. Flowers, wine, or a box of candy will be fine. ___11___ bring money as a present. In an introduction, the ___12___ of a name is: (1) the given name; (2) the family name. In other ___13___, the given name comes ___14___. It’s important not only to learn and remember ___15___, but to repeat them often in conversation. After the introduction, we usually call friends by their ___16___ names. Older people may want you to call them by their titles and family names, such as “Mrs Smith”, “Mr Johnson”, “Dr. Brown”.
A maiden(闺女) name is a ___17___ family name at birth. In the United States and Canada, after a woman ___18___, she takes the family name of her ___19___ in place of her maiden name. It is now becoming common, however, for women to ___20___ their maiden names after they get married.
1. A. guests B. visitors C. customs D. passengers
2. A. or B. so C. but D. yet
3. A. tired B. hungry C. late D. early
4. A. without B. for C. with D. after
5. A. awake B. ready C. up D. friendly
6. A. useless B. impossible C. unable D. important
7. A. forces B. invites C. begs D. orders
8. A. play B. fly C. arrive D. start
9. A. a big B. a small C. a good D. an expensive
10. A. pleased B. satisfied C. interested D. uneasy
11. A. Never B. Always C. Do D. Be sure to
12. A. spelling B. calling C. order D. pronunciation
13. A. words B. letters C. idioms D. sentences
14. A. last B. first C. finally D. in the middle
15. A. expressions B. appearances C. names D. addresses
16. A. given B. family C. middle D. pen
17. A. gentleman’s B. boy’s C. woman’s D. man’s
18. A. works B. marries C. bears D. dies
19. A. husband B. mother C. father D. sister
20. A. stop B. give up C. keep D. find
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rachel_z 幼苗

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1. A。guests 意为“客人”,与前面的the host(男主人)和hostess(女主人)相对应。
2. B。此句用so表示重复前面句子的意思,但两句的主语不同。句意为:食物可能变味,主人的兴致(spirits)也可能变味。
3. C。由上文提到不能迟到,此句表示:如果不得不迟到的话,就得先打电话告诉他们开始。
4. A。without 在此表示:没有你在场。
5. B。朋友聚餐一般都约定了时间。如果去早了,主人还没有作好准备。
6. D。由上文提到聚餐既不能迟到,也不能早到,此句可断定:准时到达是重要的。
7. B。由四个动词的意义结合上下文可知:只有选 invites 才正确。
8. D。start 意为“出发”,指在主人约定的到达和离开的时间之间任何时间出发都可以。
9. B。由下文提到的flowers,wine,a box of candy等可知:给主人送小(small)礼物较好。
10. D。由or可知:如果送花钱太多的礼物,主人只会感觉不安。
11. A。前面提到送小礼物好,送花钱太多的礼物,主人只会感觉不安,那么用钱作礼物就会使主人感到更加不安,所以千万别送钱。
12. C。由下文可知:在作介绍时,要注意名字的顺序(order)(。
13. A。后面是对前面的话进行进一步地解释,故选words ,in other words意为“换句话说”。
14. B。first name或given name 指(欧美人的)名字。family name意为“姓”。
15. C。上文谈到的名字,所以此句意为:不仅要了解和记住名字(names),而且在谈话时还要经常提到这些名字。
16. A。在下句提到,老年人想要你称呼他们的头衔(title)和姓(family name),那么在一般朋友之间则可直呼其名(given name)。
17. C。/ 18. A。/ 19. A。在西方一些国家,未婚女子的姓用女人出生时的姓即woman’s family name,结婚(marries),就得将自己的family name改为她丈夫(husband)的姓。
20. C。前面提到女人结婚后,其姓改为她丈夫的。此句提到现在情况正在变化:女人结婚后仍然保持(keep)少女时的姓(maiden name)。选keep切合句意,其他动词均不符。


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